Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Napoleon up close.

We know Napoleon as a dictator in Animal Farm, but behind the scenes with this book, George Orwell had a meaning behind him. This character in particular, is an allegory. He was based on someone in real life named Joseph Stalin, who ruled the Soviet Union for over 30 years. However, his name comes from Napoleon Bonaparte, whom George thought of as a power seeker and dictator. From the very beginning, he was a villain. He fought along side with Snowball, a fellow pig, to help free the farm from human control. After the war, he started showing strange activity such as: drinking the cow's milk that the animals had gathered, and took puppies for himself to train for his own benefits. Later, he made a meeting concerning the new windmill that Snowball wanted to build. When he did this, he arranged for an overthrow and kicked Snowball out of the farm. This is like the relationship between Stalin and Leon Trotsky.  Trotsky supported Permanent Revolution, just as Snowball advocated overthrowing other farm owners.  Stalin supported Socialism in one Country which was similar to Napoleon's idea of teaching the animals to use firearms.  After getting rid of Snowball, he wanted to build the windmill ( which he greatly opposed earlier).  This is just like Stalin when he opposed Trotsky's push for large scale industrialization, then adopted it as a policy when Trotsky was in exile), so as to show the animals that he could be just as inventive as Snowball.  But when the windmill collapses, he blames Snowball and starts a fight.  After, he ordered the executions of many animals for their "wrongdoings," and changes the Seven Commandments rules against killing other animals and sleeping in beds.  Then, he ordered the building of a second windmill, which cut the animals' rations except for the pigs and dogs. These are only a few examples of Napoleon as an Allegory...

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